Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) Details and Identification
EAB is an exotic Asian beetle, first discovered in the United States in 2002, in Michigan. The adult beetles are emerald green (pictured at right), while larvae are white-to-cream colored. These beetles feed on and destroy ash trees. Evidence of EAB damage has been discovered in Arkansas, as of early summer of 2014. Officials suspect the EAB has a one-year life cycle in the Arkansas climate. It is suspected that human transportation of the beetle (through movement of firewood and/or ash items through industry-related transport) is quickest way for it to travel, state-to-state.
See a full description of the EAB at the resources below:
EAB Identification Card
EAB Fact Sheet from Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
EAB Interactive Lesson from Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service
Arkansas State Plant Board EAB Quarantine Details
Since September of 2014, the Arkansas State Plant Board has declared an EAB Quarantine for counties with confirmed EAB sites, and buffer counties around those counties. Quarantined items continue to include firewood of all hardwood species, and the following ash items: nursery stock; green lumber with bark attached; other material living, dead, cut or fallen including logs, pulpwood, stumps, roots, branches, mulch and composted/un-composted chips (1 inch or greater). Firewood is the only quarantined item that relates to all hardwood; all other quarantined items are relative to ash, only. Quarantined items can move freely within the quarantined area. The restrictions only apply to the movement of items listed within the quarantined counties to areas outside of them.
Fourteen Arkansas counties have confirmed sites of EAB (Bradley, Calhoun, Clark, Cleveland, Columbia, Dallas, Hempstead, Hot Spring, Lafayette, Nevada, Ouachita, Randolph, Saline, and Union). The other 19 counties under quarantine are considered buffer/at risk areas. See a full map image, here.
Contact the Arkansas State Plant Board for full quarantine details at: 501-225-1598 or email@example.com
Ash Tree and EAB Identification
Arkansas is home to five different types of ash trees: Carolina, Green, Blue, White, and Pumpkin Ash. See a full description of each ash species, here. The EAB is a threat to all types of ash. Usually, an ash trees dies within 2-3 years of infestation by EAB.
Landowners may request assistance in identifying ash trees from AFC Foresters, or representatives with the local Arkansas Cooperative Extension Service.
EAB traps are being circulated throughout the quarantined counties, and throughout Arkansas by partner agencies at the state and federal level. Arkansans can help stop this pest by reporting possible EAB sightings and/or poor health in possible ash trees. The other most direct strategy for helping stop the beetle is to use only local firewood sources.